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  • CR4.03 Juan Bautista de Anza Trail - Oit Pars

    Total Actual Cost: $8,123
    Project Number: CSUATOITP
    Funding Sources: 2004 General Obligation Bonds
    Completion Date: June 2015
    Managing Dept.: Office of Sustainability and Conservation 
    Project Map: GIS Map

    The Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail, established in August 1990 through Congressional action, is a 1,200 mile trail from Nogales, Arizona, to San Francisco, California. The Anza Trail commemorates the route of the 1775-1776 Spanish colonizing expedition that founded the Presidio of San Francisco. Juan Bautista de Anza led a group of about 300 men, women and children partially through country that was at that time beyond the northern edge of the Spanish Empire. A small cadre of soldiers, three padres, and several Indian guides accompanied the expedition. Diaries written by Anza and two of the padres document the passage of the expedition. CR4.03 Oit Pars

    Camp was made at Oit Pars on the evening of Saturday, October 28, 1775. The next morning Anza exhorted his expedition members to give good treatment to the Indians they would meet beyond this point. He sent four Pimas ahead to the Piman villages along the Gila River so they could provide advance notice that the expedition was approaching and to avoid any misunderstandings of his intent, which was to move onward each day toward his final destination.


    Today, the actual location of the Oit Pars camp is not known. It is likely somewhere in northern Pima County along the Santa Cruz River, perhaps close to the Pinal County line. Commemoration of the Oit Pars camp is on County owned land where Trico Road crosses the Santa Cruz River.

    A trailhead and interpretive signage were envisioned to commemorate Anza’s Oit Pars camp, but this location is north of modern population concentrations with little opportunity for a reasonable length of associated trail that would provide adequate recreational activities. In addition there is no established segment of the Anza Trail either directly north or south of the County property. Consequently the commemoration of Oit Pars will be an interpretive sign. This sign will be manufactured and erected along with additional interpretive signage at other locations throughout the County. Bond funds that had been programmed for Oit Pars have been moved into other portions of the Anza Trail Bond project where critical linkages can be made and modern populations can be better served. These areas are in Green Valley, Sahuarita, and Marana where trail and trailheads that commemorate other Anza Expedition campsites have been and will be constructed.

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