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  • CR4.13 Tumamoc Hill Acquisition

    Total Actual Cost: $1,297,614
    Project Number:  CSUTUMAMO
    Funding Sources:  2004 General Obligations Bonds, and State Parks Grant. 
    Completion Date: June 2009
    Managing Dept.: Office of Sustainability & Historic Preservation 
    Project Map: GIS Map

    Tumamoc Hill, the rugged and iconic mountain centerpiece of Tucson, Arizona, finally has permanent protection, and the preservation of the entire 870 acre Carnegie Desert Laboratory National Historic Landmark is now assured.
    Recognized for its exceptional natural, cultural and archaeological values and its national significance as a research station since 1903, Tumamoc Hill was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1965,  listed in the National Register of Historic Places in1966, and designated a National Environmental Study Site in1976 and Arizona State Scientific and Educational Natural Area in1981.
    Tumamoc Hill 1of2
    The significance of Tumamoc Hill in the cultural history of the Tucson area has long been recognized.   Tumamoc Hill and its slopes reveal ancient settlement and agricultural systems that sustained indigenous peoples in this harsh high desert climate.  The hilltop, accessed by prehistoric trails and marked with petroglyphs, is enclosed by a massive rock wall with nearby remnant foundations of more than 160 prehistoric rock structures that comprise a prehistoric village site occupied more than 2,000 years ago. Many centuries later, the Tohono O’odham view this site as an important and sacred place that has been occupied by their ancestors since time immemorial.

    With the purchase of 320 acres of Arizona State Trust Land on Tumamoc Hill that might otherwise have been developed, Pima County is now the custodian of one of the most significant archaeological and historical sites in the American Southwest.  Preservation of this site is one of Pima County Government’s most notable achievements, made possible by the voters of Pima County who approved bonds for the acquisition of this landmark historic property.
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